Métis Land Use

Artist: Tiffany Shaw-Collinge
Program: Collaborations, Commissions
Location: Markham Station
Medium: concrete, metal, chrome, glass, hardware
Date: 2019

Description

Use and Occupancy
(Markers and Concrete Linework)

This work explores the efforts of Métis people related to land rights. Métis people are often defined by their mobility and family relations. The project utilizes a map that identifies how Métis people travelled, traded and occupied the territory surrounding the Red River around 1870, when territories such as Rupert’s Land are being transferred to Canada. This is done by creating five tall markers to represent the fort locations within the Red River as indicated on the map. In the side walk surrounding the markers there is painted linework that indicates pathways related to harvesting hay, berry picking, hunting, sugaring, red river cart trails and so on. The markers in combination with the concrete linework discuss the longstanding use and occupancy of the Métis people within the Red River area particular to the time period of the referenced map – which also discussed how Métis people continue the tradition of moving about the land through time in memoriam.

Scrip
(Digitally printed ceramic fritting on glass)

The second part of the project displays Métis scrip applications and coupons on the front facing glass panels of the bus stations at Markham Transit Station. Many of the family names identified in the project were found through a public art call (a community engagement effort) to Métis people throughout the Métis homeland which discusses a critical chapter in how land rights were given to Métis people after 1885. This part of Métis history also discusses the Governments advancement of extinguishing our Aboriginal Title. The Métis Archival Project (MAP Lab) with the assistance of Frank Tough and Sandy Hoye provided most of the high resolution images. This portion of the project was a truly collaborative effort in order to visually display the complex effort of the scrip process available to Métis people – “Clearly, this system did not create a collective land base for the Métis. For decades, the failed relationship between Métis people and the Government of Canada was symbolized by the scrip system. Today, some believe that the main problem of the grants to the Métis after 1870 was a delay in implementation by the federal government, while others can point to dispossession achieved by sharp dealings, impersonation, and fraud.” – Frank Tough

This work is was created through the Winnipeg Arts Council’s Public Art Program in collaboration with Winnipeg Transit, PCL, and Plenary Group as part of Winnipeg's Southwest Rapid Transitway expansion project.

Artist Biography

Tiffany Shaw-Collinge is an interdisciplinary artist, curator and architect based in Alberta. She holds a Bachelor of Fine Arts from NSCAD University and a Master of Architecture from SCI-Arc. Oscillating between digital and analogue methodologies, Tiffany’s work gathers notions of craft, memory and atmosphere. Her practice is often guided by communal interventions as a way to engage a lifted understanding of place. Among her public art projects, Tiffany has produced several notable transitory art works and is a core member of Ociciwan Contemporary Art Collective. While born in Calgary and raised in Edmonton, Tiffany’s Métis lineage derives from Fort McMurray via Fort McKay and the Red River.

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